Today is Birsa Munda’s Memorial Day. Birsa Munda was an Indian tribal revolutionary. He was a hero of the tribal community.
In the last year of the 19th century, there was a mass movement against the British rule by the Munda tribes, led by Birsa Munda. Birsa Munda is credited with giving a great place in the history of the struggle of these tribals in the Indian freedom struggle.
Birsa Munda was born on 15 November 1875 in the village of Ulihatu in the Ranchi district of Jharkhand.
He was the first child of his parents. Therefore, they were named according to the tradition of the Munda tribe. His childhood was spent in the forest and rural areas like other Munda tribal children.
Birsa Munda attached to Christian missionaries.
His father worked as a herdsman. he also used to go to the forest with his father to practice archery and shooting. He had a very good childhood. He was also attached to Christian missionaries.
Seeing their talent, a Pardhi leader advised them to drop out of school. But for that he had to convert to Christianity. His father converted him and named him David.
He graduated from the German Mission School. But due to religious compulsion, he dropped out of school and came in contact with the famous Vaishnava devotee Anandananda Pandey.
Birsa Munda hated the black policy of the British.
As reading and writing came, he read many Hindu religious texts like Mahabharata, Ramayana and Gita. Staying with them, he hated the black policy of the British.
Birsa Munda declared a rebellion against the British in 1900 and said ‘We declare a rebellion against the principles of British rule. We will never obey British laws.
We do not accept British hegemony. We will send the Englishman who stands against us to Yamasadani.
500 rupees reward for the capture of Birsa Munda.
The enraged British government sent its troops to capture Birsa Munda, announcing a reward of 500 rupees for the capture of Birsa Munda.
Birsa Munda brought together groups of different tribes. Inspired them to fight against the British.
The British government attacked and destroyed the rebel strongholds on 3 February 1900 to suppress the rebels and arrested Birsa Munda.
Along with them, 460 tribal youths were also arrested. He died mysteriously on June 9, 1900. According to some, the British hanged him, while the British attributed his death to the plague.
Birsa Munda death.
Birsa Munda, a revolutionary in the Indian freedom struggle and a fighter for tribal rights, is being commemorated today. Birsa Munda, who sacrificed his life at the age of only 24, has made a different impression.
God of the tribal society.
Birsa Munda has a place of God in the tribal society. He sacrificed his life to protect the rights of the tribals of Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal.
Taking note of Birsa Munda’s contribution, the Government of India has put up a picture of him in Parliament. Birsa Munda is the only tribal leader to be pictured in Parliament.