Constitution Day 2021: Constitution Day speech | Why it is celebrated on 26th November?

November 26 is a special day in the history of independent India. On this day, Constitution Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm all over the country. November 26 is celebrated as Constitution Day. On November 26, 1949, India formally adopted the Constitution. This constitution came into force on January 26, 1950.

Constitution day of India 2021.

It took a total of two years, 11 months and 18 days to draft the Indian Constitution. Our Constitution gives every citizen of the country equal rights to live in an independent India. The sole purpose of celebrating Constitution Day is to inculcate the values ​​of the Constitution in the youth of the country in the age of Western culture.

In the making of the constitution of our country, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the most important contributor. Therefore, Constitution Day is also celebrated as a symbol of paying homage to them.

Why the need for a constitution?

The British rule was declining with 150 kingdoms. At that time, India needed a constitution that would maintain unity and equality among all the religions living in the country. The idea was that the country should be united and the people should get all the rights without any discrimination. As the country became independent, the demand for the establishment of a Constituent Assembly began to gain momentum.

The first sitting of this assembly was held on December 9, 1946. The meeting was held in the Central Hall of the Parliament House and was attended by 207 members. When the Constituent Assembly was formed, it had 389 members but later reduced to 299. When the country was divided after independence, some institutions were not a part of this assembly and hence the number of members also decreased.

10 Points Students Can Include In Constitution Day Speech, Essay

10 Points Students Can Include In Constitution Day Speech, Essay India celebrates Republic Day on 26th January and Constitution Day on 26th November. This year, Constitution Day will be celebrated in India on Friday, November 26, 2021. The country’s Constituent Assembly had approved the draft constitution on November 26, 1949. Constitution Day is celebrated to commemorate this event.

January 26, 1950 is the date when the Constitution of India was signed by the President. Due to this, Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January and Constitution Day (Constitution Day) on 26th November. This year, Constitution Day will be celebrated in India on Friday, November 26, 2021. 

India gained independence on 15th August 1947. The country’s Constituent Assembly began drafting the constitution. The committee set up for this purpose was headed by the then Law Minister of the country, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was doing. Constituent Assembly President Dr. Rajendra Prasad was. Next Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first President of India. 

Speech on constitution day

The draft constitution prepared by the committee headed by Ambedkar after a long discussion came before the Constituent Assembly for discussion. After some changes, the Constituent Assembly approved the draft constitution on November 26, 1949. The Constitution came into force on 26th January 1950 with the signature of the President. 

The preamble to the constitution clearly states that India is a sovereign democratic republic. Later, when Indira Gandhi was in power, the two words ‘socialist’ and ‘secular’ were included in the preamble. Due to this, India was referred to as a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic.

We the people of India, to build a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic of India and to all its citizens: social, economic and political justice: freedom of thought, expression, belief, belief and worship: equality of status and opportunity: certainty and the dignity of the individual And with a firm resolve to promote the brotherhood that assures the unity and solidarity of the nation: In our Constituent Assembly today, November 26, 1949, we are adopting and enacting this Constitution and dedicating ourselves to it. 

Special Information on the Constitution of India:

The Constitution of India is inspired by drafts of other countries including Britain, Ireland, Japan, USA, South Africa, Germany, Australia, Canada. 

Constitution Day 2021: Constitution Day speech | Why it is celebrated on 26th November?
Constitution Day 2021: Constitution Day speech | Why it is celebrated on 26th November?

The Constituent Assembly of India was established in 1946. The proceedings of this meeting start from 2 years 11 months, 18 days and 166 days. 

The Constitution of India is a handwritten document. It is one of the largest manuscripts in the world. The original English text contains 1 lakh 17 thousand 369 words.

Preamble of indian constitution

 In the original constitution of India, the two words socialist and secular were not directly mentioned in the preamble. But through the 42nd Amendment, the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s government directly included the two words socialist and secular in the preamble. In the preamble, this incident was amended in 1976. This is the only amendment to the preamble so far.

The basic structure of the Indian Constitution is based on the Government of India Act, 1935. The original manuscript of the Indian Constitution is still available in the Library of Parliament.

The Constituent Assembly of India approved the draft constitution on November 26, 1949. 

As soon as this approval was received, the members of the Constituent Assembly celebrated with cheers, cheers and applause.

Constituent Assembly President Dr. Rajendra Prasad proposed to approve the draft constitution. In his speech, he paid homage to Gandhi. He said that Gandhian thought had achieved this unique victory. 

After the approval of the draft constitution, the people were united and the day of the Constituent Assembly came to an end. 

Freedom fighter Purnima Banerjee sang the national anthem Jana-Gana-Man.

As per the provisions of the Constitution, the House elected the first President of the country on January 24, 1950. In a special session, the Speaker of the Constituent Assembly, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first President of the Republic of India.