Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose had formed his alternative government by declaring India independent in 1943, even before India became independent on 15 August 1947.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose had formed an alternative government of independent India.
Today is a very special day for every Indian. On this day in the year 1943, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose established the Provisional Government of India. This government was called Azad Hind Sarkar. This government had the system from its army to the bank. Bose was the President, Prime Minister, External Affairs Minister and Defense Minister of this government.
From the idea of Azad Hind Fauj to its formation, there were talks between many people at many levels. It was led by Rash Behari Bose, who lived in Japan. In July 1943, Subhas Chandra Bose arrived in Singapore under Japanese control from Germany. From there he gave the slogan of Delhi Chalo.
How was the government formed?
Netaji believed that India should take advantage of the world war for its independence and overthrow the British rule from India with the help of the countries fighting against the British. Subhash Chandra Bose believed that India could be liberated only by armed struggle. In the 1920s and 1930s, he was the leader of the radical party of the Indian National Congress, progressing on the path of becoming the Congress President in 1938-1939, but he did not remain the President for long.
For this he went to different countries and played an important role in the second world war. He reorganized the Azad Hind Fauj in Japan and established a temporary government with Japan. In the year 1943 itself, on 21 October i.e. on this day, the Azad Hind Government was formed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose at the Cathay Cinema Hall in Singapore.
This government was also recognized by 9 countries including Germany, Japan, Philippines, Korea, China, Italy, Ireland. Japan helped a lot in preparing the army for modern warfare. Japan handed over the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to the Azad Hind government. Bose renamed Andaman as Shaheed Dweep and Nicobar’s Swaraj Dweep. On the fronts of Imphal and Kohima, the Indian British Army was defeated several times by the Azad Hind Fauj in the war.
How was the government?
In this government, Subhash Chandra Bose became the Prime Minister and was also the Minister of War and Foreign Affairs. It has been told in many reports that Netaji was also the President and Chief of Army Staff in the government. Apart from this, there were three more ministers in this government. Along with this, a 16-member ministerial-level committee was also formed. At the same time, Captain Smt. Lakshmi has been appointed as the Minister of Women’s Organization, SA Iyer, the Minister of Publicity and Broadcasting, Lt. Colonel AC Chatterjee was made the Finance Minister.
With the establishment of this government, Netaji had told the British that the people of India were fully capable of running their own government. The government also had its own bank, its own currency, postage stamps, intelligence departments and embassies in other countries.
After the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrendered and from here the decline of the Azad Hind Fauj began. The soldiers were tried in the Red Fort, which acted as a revolution in India.
1951: Jana Sangh was founded
Jana Sangh was established on 21 October 1951. With this began the journey of the Bharatiya Janata Party, which claimed to be the largest political party in the world. Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee formed the party in 1951 and won three seats in the first general elections of 1952. The election symbol was the lamp. In the second Lok Sabha elections of 1957, Jana Sangh got 4 seats. In 1962 14, in 1967 35 MPs were elected and reached the Parliament. After the Emergency in 1977, opposition parties contested the elections under the banner of the Janata Party and formed the government under the leadership of Morarji Desai, winning 295 seats.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the foreign minister and LK Advani the information and broadcasting minister. The Janata Party broke up due to internal strife.
The Janata Party suffered a crushing defeat in the 1980 general elections and then the BJP was born. The BJP was formed on 6 April 1980 under the leadership of Vajpayee. After that in the first Lok Sabha election i.e. 1984, the party got only 2 seats. This is where the new beginning of the party started.
The party played the role of king maker by winning 85 seats in 1989 with the help of Ram Mandir movement. In 1996, winning 161 seats, became the single largest party and formed the government, but did not have a majority, so it could not run. The same thing happened in 1998. In 1999, a coalition government was formed under the leadership of Vajpayee, which ran the government till 2004 and became the first non-Congress party to complete the term. Since 2014, there is a BJP government under the leadership of Narendra Modi, which is the first non-Congress government in India running on its own with a majority.
The day of 21st October is remembered in history due to some other important events.
2014: Famous Paralympic runner Oscar Pistorios gets five years in prison for murdering girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp.
2005: Mukhtaran Mai of Pakistan, a victim of gang rape, was chosen as the Woman of the Year.
1954 : Agreement was signed between India and France for the inclusion of Puducherry, Karaikal and Mahe in the Indian Republic.
1934: Congress Socialist Party was formed by Jayaprakash Narayan.
1805 : The Battle of Trafalgar takes place off the coast of Spain.
1577: Guru Ramdas founded the city of Amritsar.
1555: Parliament of England refuses to recognize Philip as King of Spain.
1296 : Alauddin Khilji took the throne of Delhi.