Stroke is a word we hear a lot these days. It can take the lives of some. Stroke or paralysis is a major health problem that can lead to disease after an attack or cancer. It is also known as stroke, brain attack, stroke and stroke. This is because the blood flow to the brain stops. This problem can be caused by a blockage in the blood vessels or by rupture of the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain.
World Stroke Day 2021
Studies show the shocking fact that paralysis is so common. Paralysis has become a big change for the world. There have been 13.7 million new strokes in the past year. Of those, 5.5 million died. Current estimates put the death toll from untreated stroke at 6.7 million. One in four people over the age of 25 is at risk of having a stroke at some point in their lives. Sixty percent of paralyzed people are under 70 years of age. Eight percent of those with one year of stroke are under 44 years of age.
World stroke day 2021 theme
Stroke is a word we hear a lot these days. It can take the lives of some. Stroke or paralysis is a major health problem that can lead to disease after an attack or cancer. It is also known as stroke, brain attack, stroke and stroke.
October 29 is World Paralysis Day. This time the message of the World Stroke Organization (WSO) is ‘Don’t waste precious time’.
What is a stroke?
Our brain needs a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients to function properly. When the supply of these is interrupted or stopped, the brain cells begin to die. This leads to paralysis (stroke).
There are two main types of paralysis.
Ischemic stroke . More than 85% of strokes are in the Iowa category. Ischemic stroke is a condition in which the blood vessels to the brain constrict or blood clots form.
Hemorrhagic stroke.Hemorrhagic stroke is a ruptured blood vessel in the brain that causes bleeding. In addition to these, there is another condition called mini stroke / transient ischemic attack which is symptomatic only for a very short time. It is important to take the Iowa condition seriously and take appropriate treatment. Remember, there is a 10-20 percent chance of a major stroke in the next three months.
Have a severe headache
Loss of clarity in speech, sudden inability to speak, slurred speech, inability to comprehend what is being said, sudden numbness, fatigue on face, hands or feet, sudden confusion on one side only, sudden difficulty in vision as in one or both eyes, difficulty walking, Symptoms of paralysis include loss of balance and sudden onset of severe headaches.
Obstruction of blood flow
Cholesterol, smoking, high blood pressure, high blood pressure, diabetes, lifestyle and lack of exercise can all lead to sudden blockage of blood vessels and blockage of blood vessels. At the same time, a blood clot forms in the heart, which travels to the brain and causes a stroke. Problems such as paralysis can occur if the paralysis is not very strong. For some people, it may be a paralysis of one arm or leg, or itching of the mouth. A very strong stroke can cause sudden death.
When a stroke occurs
Depending on how quickly treatment is available in the event of a stroke, the patient may be rescued. For this purpose, within four and a half hours of the stroke, the blood clots dissolve and the blood flow to the brain can be reversed. Apart from this, another way is to remove the blood clots that have reached the brain through surgery. Getting treatment right away is an important way to help reduce the impact of a stroke.
Recognize the symptoms.
Paralysis usually occurs very quickly. Complications may not be preventable if not treated early. Seek immediate medical attention from a stroke specialty hospital if you notice significant symptoms such as facial wrinkles, sudden weakness on one side of the body, difficulty in speaking or listening, blurred vision, and severe headaches.
Risk of stroke
Quitting smoking is one of the first things you can do to reduce the risk of stroke. Numerous studies have shown that alcohol can be a major cause of stroke. If nothing else, try to get into the habit of walking for at least 30 minutes a day. Problems such as stress should be avoided. Increased stress can lead to high BP and sudden rupture of blood vessels to the brain. Like this, healthy eating habits and weight are also very important.
Treatment for Stroke.
The most effective treatment is in the first four and a half hours after the onset of symptoms of stroke. Paralysis can be confirmed by CT scan and MRI scan.After accurate diagnosis, thrombotic therapy (thrombolytic therapy) can be given. Thirty percent of people who have a stroke have a blood clot in the main blood vessel and a very large stroke can occur. Thrombolytic therapy for dissolving blood may not be successful in these patients.
In this case, mechanical thrombosis is a complicated and expensive treatment of a blocked blood vessel to prevent a major stroke. Carotid endarterectomy can be done with surgery or stent angioplasty to remove the block if it is detected early in the bloodstream through appropriate tests.
Rehabilitation is an important part of paralysis treatment. The success of paralysis treatment and rehabilitation will vary from patient to patient. Speech therapy, physiotherapy and occupational therapy may be required to lead a normal life after paralysis. Precautions should be taken to exercise daily and make a healthy eating habit.